Punjabi (English: /pʌnˈdʒɑːbi/; Punjabi: [pənˈdʒaːbːi], ਪੰਜਾਬੀ, پن٘جابی) is an Indo-Aryan language with more than 125 million native speakers in the Indian subcontinent and around the world. It is the native language of the Punjabi people, an ethnolinguistic group of the cultural region of Punjab, which encompasses northwest India and eastern Pakistan.
Punjabi is the most widely spoken language in Pakistan, the 11th most widely spoken language in India and the third most-spoken native language in the Indian subcontinent. It is the third most spoke language in the United Kingdom after the native British languages and Polish.
It is also the fifth most-spoken native language in Canada after English, French, Mandarin and Cantonese. It is the third official language in Parliament of Canada. It is the twenty-sixth most spoken language in the United States.
Punjabi is unusual among Indo-European languages in its use of lexical tone; see § Tone below for examples. Gurmukhi is the official script for the language in Punjab, India while Shahmukhi is used in Punjab, Pakistan; other national and local scripts have also been in use historically and currently, as discussed in § Writing systems.